The words “Wicca” and “Witchcraft” cannot be used interchangeably, though they are related.
According to Scott Cunningham in the book Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, Wicca is “a joyous religion springing from…kinship with nature. It is a merging with…the universal energies which created all in existence. It is a personal, positive celebration of life.” Wicca recognizes the Divine as both “masculine” (active) and “feminine” (receptive) in nature, in contrast to other religions that depict the Godhead as a lone patriarch. Wiccans also believe that Divinity is not distant, untouchable, and unknowable, but instead is within all of us and present in everything that surrounds us. Another attractive aspect of the Wiccan religion is its simple ideal of morality: do what you want, as long as it doesn’t hurt anyone (including yourself). Think of the tranquility we’d experience globally if this ideal were adopted on a widespread scale – no wars over who people choose to love, what they choose to believe, or what resources lay within the bounds of their homelands. Yet another appeal is its lack of evangelism. Wicca doesn’t seek new members, nor are the Wicca arrogant enough to believe that theirs is the only “true” path to the Divine.
Mr. Cunningham also states that “Wicca is a religion which utilizes magic,” and reminds us that religious magic isn’t uncommon: “Catholic priests use magic to transform a piece of bread into the body of a long-deceased savior.” Prayer is a form of magic in that the one praying focuses on a need and asks the Divine for the desired result. Magic builds on this foundation by drawing energy from natural sources (Divine power, personal power, and earth power) and projecting it outward to produce needed effects. The latter process simply requires more participation than the former.